What is the Difference Between Optometry and Ophthalmology?
Updated: Feb 28
Optometry and ophthalmology are both professions that deal with the eyes
Optometry is a healthcare profession that involves the examination,
diagnosis, treatment, and management of eye disorders and diseases.
Ophthalmology, on the other hand, is a medical specialty that
involves the diagnosis and treatment of eye disorders and diseases.
Optometrists are classified as doctors. They are licensed
healthcare professionals who have completed a four-year optometry
program and passed national and state board examinations. They can prescribe
corrective lenses and medications for many eye conditions; however,
they do not perform surgical procedures.
Ophthalmologists are medical doctors who have completed a four-
year ophthalmology residency program after completing medical
school. They can perform both medical and surgical procedures to
correct or improve vision. They can also prescribe medication.
Scope of Practice
Who are optometrists? They are trained to examine the eyes to
detect defects in vision, signs of injury, ocular diseases or abnormality
and problems with general health, such as high blood pressure or
Who are ophthalmologists? They are specialists who handle all the
medical aspects of eye care, such as surgery.
In summary, optometrists and ophthalmologists have similar but different
roles to play, where optometrists are trained to examine, diagnose and
treat eye disorders, while ophthalmologists are medical doctors who are able
to perform medical and surgical procedures.
Our optometrists are fully trained to treat and manage ocular conditions and diseases, and refer to the appropriate ophthalmologist when necessary.