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Understanding the Three Types of Eye Problems

There are various eye problems, ranging from simple refractive errors to severe eye diseases. Understanding the different types of eye problems can help you recognize the symptoms and seek prompt treatment to protect your vision. Here are three common types of eye problems:

Refractive Errors

Refractive errors are the most common type of eye problems, affecting millions of people worldwide. Refractive errors occur when the shape of the eye prevents light from focusing correctly on the retina, resulting in blurred vision. The three main types of refractive errors are:

Nearsightedness (myopia): A condition in which distant objects appear blurry, while close-up objects appear clear.

Farsightedness (hyperopia): A condition in which close-up objects appear blurry, while distant objects appear clear.

Astigmatism: A condition in which the eye's shape is irregular, causing blurred vision at all distances.

Refractive errors can be corrected with glasses, contact lenses, or refractive surgery. At Woodley Optometry, we provide comprehensive eye exams to diagnose refractive errors and offer personalized solutions for clear vision.

Refractive Errors

Eye Diseases

Eye diseases are a group of conditions that can affect different parts of the eye, causing vision loss, pain, redness, and other symptoms. Some common eye diseases include:

Glaucoma: A group of eye diseases that cause damage to the optic nerve, leading to vision loss.

Cataracts: A condition in which the eye's lens becomes cloudy, causing blurred vision and glare.

Macular degeneration: A condition in which the macula, the part of the retina responsible for central vision, deteriorates, causing vision loss.

Diabetic retinopathy: A complication of diabetes that damages the blood vessels in the retina, leading to vision loss.

Early detection and treatment of eye diseases are essential for preserving vision. At Woodley Optometry, we use state-of-the-art technology to diagnose and manage eye diseases, providing personalized care to our patients.

Eye Diseases

Eye Injuries

Eye injuries can occur from accidents, sports, or other traumatic events. They can range from minor scratches to severe trauma, such as a ruptured globe. Common eye injuries include:

Corneal abrasions: A scratch on the cornea, the clear front part of the eye.

Foreign bodies: Small objects that get stuck in the eye, such as metal shavings, sand, or dust.

Chemical burns: Exposure to chemicals that can damage the eye's surface and cause vision loss.

Eye injuries can cause pain, redness, swelling, and other symptoms, and should be evaluated by an optometrist as soon as possible. At Woodley Optometry, we provide emergency eye care services to diagnose and treat eye injuries promptly.

In conclusion, understanding the different types of eye problems can help you take proactive steps to protect your vision. Regular eye exams, prompt treatment, and eye safety measures are essential for maintaining healthy eyes. Contact us at Woodley Optometry to schedule your eye exam today.

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